WHY HEMP

Research is needed

In 2014, our mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s.   Although research is still in the beginning stages, there is already quite a bit published on the benefits of the cannabinoid oil found in the hemp plant.  And as the state laws begin to shift in the country, the possibility to explore these benefits becomes more accessible and exciting.   Bordertown Farm will begin producing CBD (cannabinoid) oil from hemp grown on our certified organic field.    We believe in the benefits of CBD oil and hemp products and it’s general health benefits for all people as well as exciting research showing the possible relief for people with chronic illnesses

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horticultural insights

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HEMP vs CANNABIS

Both hemp and cannabis ultimately come from the same plant but they have different properties. US law defines hemp as “all parts of any Cannabis Sativa plant containing no psychoactive properties, except for defined exceptions.”  Both hemp varieties and marijuana varieties are of the same genus, Cannabis, and the same species, Cannabis Sativa.  The term cannabis(or marijuana) is used when describing a Cannabis Sativa plant that is bred for its potent, resinous glands (known as trichomes). These trichomes contain high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid most known for its psychoactive properties.  Hemp, on the other hand, is used to describe a Cannabis Sativa plant that contains less than 0.3%  THC.  Hemp is a high-growing plant, typically bred for industrial uses such as oils and topical ointments, as well as fiber for clothing, and construction.

HEMP HISTORY

The Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a bit of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BCE.  George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp. Ben Franklin owned a mill that made hemp paper. Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper. According to the Department of Energy, hemp as a biomass fuel producer requires the least specialized growing and processing procedures of all hemp products.


During America’s Colonial days, hemp was a cornerstone of civil development, and its production was considered necessary. England and Holland hoped that their American colonies would furnish enough hemp for their great navies, for which it was as important as flax, iron, and timber. 


During the 1920’s and 30s the United Stated Department of Agriculture (USDA) had a hemp breeding program and put out numerous articles on hemp growing in Farmer’s Bulletins and in its Yearbooks. 


In the 1930’s the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed. Once the Tax Act was passed the FBN (Federal Bureau of Narcotics) collected information on hemp and Cannabis equating the two plants thereby enforcing the provisions of the Act making it illegal to grow hemp.


Hemp was grown extensively in the U.S. during World War II; the U.S. Department of Agriculture even rolled out a Hemp for Victory campaign to encourage farmers to plant hemp after war with Japan cut off Asian imports of the crop. Henry Ford even experimented with hemp to build car bodies. But the last hemp processing plant in the U.S. closed in the mid-1950s, as a result of hemp regulations misinformation perpetuated during the 1940s and '50s that equated hemp with marijuana.

 

When the Controlled Substances Act was passed in 1970 the exemption for hemp was carried over from the Marihuana Tax Act, but without the provisions to register and license farmers, since there was no hemp industry to protest as there had been in 1937. All varieties of Cannabis were lumped together in Schedule 1 of the Act. 


In 2014 the US Farm Bill allowed states to pass their own industrial hemp legislation to grow industrial hemp for purposes of research and development.  After many years of prohibition, American farmers are finally reacquainting themselves with industrial hemp.


In January of 2015, The Industrial Hemp Farming Act (H.R. 525 and S. 134) was introduced in the House and Senate.

CBD OIL

Since Hemp is regulated to only contain 0.3% THC it essentially makes it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect.  Hemp contains high Cannabinoid (CBD) content that works as an antagonist to THC.  CBD (Cannabinoid) oil has been shown to be effective for decreasing anxiety and helping in a number of inflammation-related problems, including arthritis and other inflammatory ailments.